What are Brass Instruments?
Brass Instruments (lip vibrated instruments) refer to those instruments which produce music as guided by the vibrations created from the player’s lips. The vibrations of air in the enclosed columns give rise to different pitches. Most of the brass instruments are either made of brass or a metal alloy. The body of Brass Instruments have a shiny lacquer coating.
Present day Brass instruments usually are a combination of cone and cylinder shape. The important factors to consider is the length of the cylinder and the widening of the cone.
Which Factors Determine Pitch Creation on Brass Instruments?
Brass instruments produce sounds of different pitches. The main factors which determine the sound pitch include – flow of air, the length of tubing and changes / alterations in the player’s lip tension, etc.
Valves in Brass Instruments
The design of Brass instruments was changed and improved significantly with the introduction of the valve. Valves were invented during the beginning of the 19th century. With the help of valves, players of brass instruments can change the length of the tubing. This helps them to reach a variety of notes belonging to different harmonic series.
The term ‘Fundamental’ refers to the lowest note of an air column while the term ‘Overtones’ refers to the higher notes of a given column of air.
Brass instruments are most popularly used in Jazz music.
Varieties of Brass Instruments
- Horn / French Horn
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