Sarangi, Indian Stringed Musical Instrument

The Sarangi is a well known Indian Stringed Instrument, one of the oldest of its kind. It is believed that it is the Sarangi which is able to create sounds comparable with and closest to the human voice!

Earlier, the Sarangi was used as an accompaniment instrument used by accompanying singers. However, over the years, the Sarangi has evolved and created its own special position and is used as a solo instrument.

A form of the fiddle, the Sarangi has a large and solid body, usually around two feet long and around half a foot wide carved out from a single block of wood. Its soundboard is made of goatskin and has quite a wide neck with a large peg box. Like most fiddles, the Sarangi too has a waist which is made from a scalloped front. The leather strip at the waist the bridge which in turns holds and supports about 40 strings.

The Sarangi forms an important part of Hindustani Classical Music and there are many talented Sarangi players who have contributed immensely to the world of music.

Here is a list of some of the famous Sarangi Players of India  –

  •     Gopal Misra
  •     Abdul Latif Khan
  •     Shakur Khan
  •     Pandit Ram Narayan
  •     Sabri Khan
  •     Sultan Khan
  •     Ghulam Sabir Khan
  •     Abdul Karim Khan
  •     Ahmed Khan

To Play the Sarangi:

The 3 thick, tight and short strings are stopped without pressing the fingerboard and not with the finger-tips. Rather, they are played with the nails and the skin above it. The remaining sympathetic strings about 35 may be divided into 4 different “choirs”.

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Santur, Santoor – Stringed Musical Instrument

Santur / Santoor

The Santoor, also called the Santur in India was popularised about a half century back by the well known artist Shivkumar Sharma.

It is a stringed instrument – in the shape of a trapeze – box like with a series of strings that pass over 2 or more rows of bridges. These bridges fall on the soundboard. The Santoor in India is more rectangular shaped, thicker and with a number of strings.

Different forms of the Santur have been derived in different parts of the world such as Persia, China, Turkey and Greece etc.

To play the Santur, the player uses a pair of sticks and strikes on the strings.

Here is a list of some of the famous Santur / Santoor players of India  –

* Shiv Kumar Sharma
* Rahul Sharma
* Pashang Kamkar
* Majid Kiani
* Bhajan Sopori
* Manoochehr Sadeghi
* Kourosh Zolani
* Ardavane Kamkar

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Guitar, Popular Stringed Instrument

What is a Guitar?

The guitar is a hugely popular and widely played stringed musical instrument.

There are different varieties of Guitars available including Soft, Folk & Jazz etc. Guitars can be amplified to produce the sound of an electric guitar.

The most recognizable features of a guitar include –

* a flat body
* a long neck
* usually 6 strings
* a fingerboard with frets on it

The guitar strings are plucked using the fingers or a plectrum, also known as the guitar pick.

The plectrum or the guitar pick is usually a small piece of plastic shaped as a soft triangle. The left hand presses the strings on the fret board while the right hand fingers are used to pluck the strings of the guitar.

The vibration of the strings creates sounds and is controlled by the left hand that presses at the fret board.

The combination of the left and right hand at play on the guitar leads to the creation of different sounds which when clubbed together, produce melodies and tunes.


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